County is located near the
central part of Arizona and includes Phoenix, Arizona's largest city and the state’s
capital. As of 2010, its population was an estimated 3,817,117. It is by far
Arizona's most populated county, encompassing more than half of the state's
There are five Indian
located in the county. The largest of these are the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community (east of Scottsdale) and the Gila
River Indian Community
(south of Phoenix). The county was named in honor of the Maricopa Indians, who
were known to have inhabited the area as early as 1775.
Maricopa County is also one of the largest counties in the United States by area having a land area greater
than that of seven states.
occupies desert land along the Salt River in the south-central part of the
state, in what Arizonans call the Valley of the Sun. The valley is also the
site of such cities as Scottsdale, Tempe, Mesa, Chandler, and Glendale.
Together, with Phoenix, they form one of the most rapidly growing metropolitan
areas in the nation. Scattered, low mountain ranges surround the valley. On
the outskirts of Phoenix are large fields of irrigated cropland and several
climate is dry and sunny and marked by mild winters and extremely hot summers.
Low humidity prevails throughout the year.
area: 9,224.27 square miles
Land area: 9,203.14 square miles
Water area: 21.13 square miles